History of Truffle or Dunblane

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Ancient times

The Danblans are first mentioned in Sumerian inscriptions in connection with the food of their enemies. In the writings of Theophrastus, in the fourth century BC, Danblan is also mentioned. The origin of this fungus was mysterious at that time; Plutarch and others thought that Dunblane arose from lightning, heat, and water in the soil. Cicero considered dandelions to be the children of the earth, while Dioscorides called them abnormal roots. In ancient Italy, there were three types of dumbbells, but the Romans used only one type, called truffles. These mushrooms came from Carthage and Libya. In these places, in the past, the coastal climate was not as dry as it is today.


Dunblane was rarely used during the Middle Ages. In 148, the historian of the pope, Bartholomew Platina, praised the great pike of a pig, while referring to Dunblane. According to a hadith narrated by Saeed Ibn Zayd from the Prophet of Islam, Danblan is like mangosteen and its water cures eye disease.


enaissance and the New Age

During the Renaissance, Denblain gained popularity in Europe and was noticed in the court of Francis I, King of France. In the 16th century, European chefs, especially French, gradually abandoned oriental spices and turned to natural flavors. By the 1780s, Dunblane had become quite famous and could only be found at the table. On page 235 of the first volume of the book Khajeh Tajdar by Jean Goose French, translated by Zabihullah Mansouri, it is stated that Agham Mohammad Khan Qajar before the proclamation of the monarchy and during his father’s military preparations to overthrow Karim Khan Zand around 1168 AH. Passing through the Anzali region, he observed that the horses of the local people sniffed the ground by sniffing the ground.

In Iran

Several species of Danblan fungi grow in different parts of Iran. The most common types of dandelions collected in Iran are desert truffles. They are brown or white in terfezia, Tirmania, harvested in mid-winter and early spring from southern regions such as southern Shiraz. Such as Firoozabad, the old plain of Larestan, Zarrin Dasht (Hajiabad), Kharameh and Hormozgan and the southern regions of Sirjan has started and continues until mid-May in other regions such as Azerbaijan, Zanjan and northern Khorasan. Dunblane mushroom is found in abundance in the groves of Arasbaran region, especially near the village of Drilo. It is also found in the Yamchi sector in East Azerbaijan and is one of the economic products of this region. Yamchi’s denblans are of high quality, and many Yamchi residents are involved in buying and selling denblans, even in world markets, so Yamchi law enforcement and government agencies have banned non-natives from finding denblans during the denblan season. It is noteworthy that followers mean in swollen Turkish; In this way, this fungus raises its upper soils slightly while growing, and the inhabitants find the fungus from this sign. In addition, the same name implies the antiquity of the use of this edible mushroom in the Arasbaran region. It is interesting to note that tuber, the Latin root of the word Truffle, also means swelling or bulge. A species of the rarest mountain fungi in the world has been identified in some rangelands of Tarom city of Zanjan province and has been studied in Zanjan University. Mountain oyster mushroom coexist with rangeland plants and grows in rainy years and autumn, as well as from March 1 to the first half of April. Recently, several species of non-desert tuberous species of tuber (summer tuber) in summer black color such as Tuber aestivum and autumn black such as Tuber brumale and Tuber macrosporum have been collected, identified and recorded by researchers of Tarbiat Modares University from different regions of Iran.

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